Understanding and treating melasma

1. Melasma is a common skin condition that causes discoloration on the face, typically in the form of brown or tan patches.

2. Melasma is often triggered by hormones, specifically in women during pregnancy or while taking hormonal birth control.

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3. Sun exposure can also worsen melasma, making it important to protect the skin with sunscreen and hats.

4. Topical creams and medications, such as hydroquinone and kojic acid, can help lighten melasma.

5. Chemical peels and laser treatments can also be effective in treating melasma, but may require multiple sessions.

6. Consistently using sunscreen and avoiding triggers, such as hormonal changes and sun exposure, can help prevent melasma from recurring