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Toxic Shock Syndrome is a life-threatening condition that is triggered due to bacterial toxins produced by Staphylococcus Aureus and Streptococcus Aureus infection. It usually affects women using super-absorbent tampons and contraceptive devices.
The main types of bacteria responsible for TSS are: – Staphylococcus Aureus – Streptococcus Aureus Did You Know? The management of TSS should be aggressive and immediate, making visits to the Gynaecologist is a must for all menstruating girls and women.
Toxic Shock Syndrome is caused by superantigen toxin TSS Toxin 1, which is produced by Staphylococcus Aureus or Streptococcus. It is seen amongst women who wear pads and tampons for prolonged durations, causing infections. This especially entails synthetic sanitary products which can cause this condition.
The signs and symptoms of Toxic Shock Syndrome include: – Fever – Diarrhoea – Vomiting – Myalgia (muscle pain) – Low blood pressure – Skin desquamation – Renal failure – Confusion
Treatment options for TSS include: – Intravenous fluids – Antibiotics – Incision and drainage of abscess – Intravenous immunoglobulin
Toxic Shock Syndrome can cause multi-organ failure. Its short-term complications include: – Respiratory failure – Renal failure – Liver cell failure – Skin peeling Long term complications include: – Muscle weakness – Psychological issues like memory loss, poor concentration, stress disorder
Toxic Shock Syndrome can be avoided by maintaining menstrual hygiene and avoiding super-absorbent tampons. Did You Know? The overall risk of death is about 50% in streptococcal disease, and 5% in staphylococcal disease.
We must give more impetus to creating awareness about Toxic Shock Syndrome by educating the community, and maintaining menstrual hygiene. One must consult their Gynecologist regularly to talk about menstrual hygiene and choice of menstrual products.
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