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Intensivist Dr Sandeep Patil Explains Toxic Shock Syndrome Associated With The Use Of Tampons

1. What is toxic shock syndrome and how does it affect women?

Toxic Shock Syndrome is a life-threatening condition that is triggered due to bacterial toxins produced by Staphylococcus Aureus and Streptococcus Aureus infection. It usually affects women using super-absorbent tampons and contraceptive devices.

2. Which are the main types of bacteria that can cause toxic shock syndrome?

The main types of bacteria responsible for TSS are: – Staphylococcus Aureus – Streptococcus Aureus Did You Know? The management of TSS should be aggressive and immediate, making visits to the Gynaecologist is a must for all menstruating girls and women.

3. What are the major causes of TSS and how does it happen? Can pads cause TSS?

Toxic Shock Syndrome is caused by superantigen toxin TSS Toxin 1, which is produced by Staphylococcus Aureus or Streptococcus. It is seen amongst women who wear pads and tampons for prolonged durations, causing infections. This especially entails synthetic sanitary products which can cause this condition.

4. What are the signs and symptoms of TSS? How is it diagnosed?

The signs and symptoms of Toxic Shock Syndrome include: – Fever – Diarrhoea – Vomiting – Myalgia (muscle pain) – Low blood pressure – Skin desquamation – Renal failure – Confusion

5. What are the treatment options for TSS?

Treatment options for TSS include: – Intravenous fluids – Antibiotics – Incision and drainage of abscess – Intravenous immunoglobulin

6. What are some short-term and long-term effects of TSS?

Toxic Shock Syndrome can cause multi-organ failure. Its short-term complications include: – Respiratory failure – Renal failure – Liver cell failure – Skin peeling Long term complications include: – Muscle weakness – Psychological issues like memory loss, poor concentration, stress disorder

7. What are some ways to prevent TSS?

Toxic Shock Syndrome can be avoided by maintaining menstrual hygiene and avoiding super-absorbent tampons. Did You Know? The overall risk of death is about 50% in streptococcal disease, and 5% in staphylococcal disease.

8. What are some ways to create awareness about TSS?

We must give more impetus to creating awareness about Toxic Shock Syndrome by educating the community, and maintaining menstrual hygiene. One must consult their Gynecologist regularly to talk about menstrual hygiene and choice of menstrual products.

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