The Channel 46

How IUD Scores Over Other Birth Control Methods (& 4 Common Side Effects)

Usually women are not aware of high efficiency of IUDs in preventing pregnancy following unprotected sexual activity. Unplanned pregnancy and possible termination are common among women who participate in unprotected sexual intercourse or seek emergency contraception (EC). As a result, it is critical that these women obtain specific and correct information on intrauterine devices (IUDs), as they may benefit from using an IUD for EC as a method of long-term contraception. In collaboration with The Channel 46, Dr. Sangeeta Gomes, Consultant – Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, Motherhood Hospitals, discusses everything about IUDs as an emergency birth control.

What Is An IUD?

An intrauterine device, often known as an IUD or a coil, is a small, T-shaped birth control device that is put into the uterus to prevent pregnancy. IUDs are reversible, long-acting birth control devices.

How Does An IUD Work?

Copper-Coated IUD By preventing sperm from fertilising the egg, the copper-coated IUD prevents conception. It may also make implanting a fertilised egg in the uterus more difficult. Progestin-Coated IUD In a similar manner, a progestin-coated IUD thickens the cervical mucus while thinning the uterine lining. It can prevent ovulation in some situations (the release of an egg during the monthly cycle). This stops sperm from fertilising and implanting the egg. If you have heavy or painful periods, a progestin IUD can also be used to assist lower blood flow. .

How Effective Is An IUD?

If you acquire an IUD within 5 days after unprotected sex, your odds of getting pregnant drop by more than 99.9%. IUD Vs Morning-After Drugs It’s the most effective kind of contraception available. And, unlike morning-after drugs, it works regardless of your weight. IUD Vs Emergency Contraception …after you receive an IUD, you won’t have to worry about emergency contraception until it’s removed. One of the most appealing aspects of using an IUD as an emergency contraceptive device is that it can provide you with long-term, highly effective birth control for up to 12 years

4 Common Side Effects Of IUD

When an IUD is implanted, it might cause the following side effects: 1. Low to moderate pain 2. Cramping for a few days 3. Heavier periods and severe menstrual pain (possible adverse effects of copper IUD) 4. Opposite side effects like lighter periods, irregular periods, or no periods at all in case of Hormonal IUDs

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