The Channel 46

Dr Sushma Tomar Talks About Understanding STIs & How To Prevent Them

1. What are STIs and how many types are there?

Sexual Transmitted Infections (STI) are infections transmitted through sexual contact. The infection could be caused by viruses, bacteria and parasites.

2. What are some common STIs that disproportionately target women?

Most common types of STIs are – Human Papillomavirus (HPV) – Genital Herpes – Chlamydia – Syphilis – HIV – Gonorrhoea – Pubic lice – Trichomoniasis & Chancroid

3. What are the signs and symptoms of an STI?

– Pain in the lower abdomen – Pain in the pelvis – Abnormal vaginal discharge – Small sores – Ulcers – Enlarged Lymph Nodes – Pain during urination – Pain during sexual intercourse – Bleeding between periods

4. Can STIs be transmitted through oral sex? Can you get STD from kissing?

Only certain diseases can be transmitted by kissing. Herpes Simplex and Cytomegalovirus (CMV) can be transmitted by kissing.

5. Can you get an STD from a toilet seat or through non-sexual contact?

Theoretically, STDs can be transmitted from a toilet seat. However, it has not been proven that an STD can be prevented if the condom is used carefully.

6. How can STIs be prevented?

Hygiene maintenance is of crucial importance. Other ways of avoiding STIs include; – Limiting the number of sexual partners – Avoid sharing towels and undergarments – Wash up before and after sexual intercourse It is also important to get a vaccination for HPV and Hepatitis-B

7. Where can you get tested for STIs?

You can get tested with the help of your family doctor and with the aid of a reliable lab. STIs can be treated if diagnosed early and treated appropriately.

8. What are some of the most common treatment options?

In STIs, bacterial infections like Syphilis, Gonorrhea, Chlamydia and Trichomoniasis can be treated with antibiotics, under the careful supervision of your physician. Other infections like HIV, Hepatitis-B, Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and Herpes simplex need regular treatment according to symptoms.

4 Vital Tips To Prevent STIs

1. Use Condoms: Using a condom correctly every time you have sex can help you avoid STDs. Condoms lessen the risk of infection for all STDs.  2. Get Vaccinated: The most common STD can be prevented by a vaccine.  3. Talk With Your Partner: Talk with your sex partner(s) about STDs and staying safe before having sex. 4. Get Tested: Many STDs don’t have symptoms, but they can still cause health problems.

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