The Channel 46
Dussehra comes from the Sanskrit word Dash Hara, which translates to ‘the defeat of the Sun’ in English. According to Hindu mythology, if Lord Rama had not defeated Ravana, the Sun would have never risen again.
1. The Defeat Of The Sun
In some parts of India, Dussehra is also called Vijay Dashmi, which means victory on the tenth day. It is celebrated as Vijay Dashmi to mark the victory of Goddess Durga over the Demon King Mahishasura.
2. Vijay Dashmi
Dussehra also marks the end of the season as we finally bid adieu to summer, and it’s time for the winter season. It is a popular belief that there is a nip in the air after burning the effigy of Ravana. The festival also marks the harvesting of kharif crops and sowing of rabi crops. It’s an important occasion for farmers of all beliefs.
3. Seasonal Changes
Ramleela or ‘Rama’s play’ is a performance of the Ramayana epic in a series of scenes that include song, narration, recital and dialogue. It is performed across northern India during the festival of Dussehra, held each year according to the ritual calendar in autumn. On the final day of Dussehra, the scene of Lord Rama defeating Ravana takes place. To mark the end of Ramleela, an effigy of Ravana is burned. The grandest Ramleela is held in the Ramleela Maidan of Delhi.
Buddhists celebrate this day as Ashok Vijayadashami, as it is believed that Mauryan King Ashoka was converted to buddhism on this day. It’s also the day that Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar converted to Buddhism in 1956.
Dussehra is not only celebrated in India but also Bangladesh, Nepal and Malaysia. It is a national holiday in Malaysia. Dashain, also known as Bijaya Dashami, is the grandest, longest and most auspicious festival in Nepal. In addition to worshiping the Goddess Durga, the people of Nepal will hold celebrations for the fertility of the land and a year of good harvest.
6. Beyond India
It is believed that the first grand celebration of Dussehra took place in the Mysore Palace, Karnataka in the 17th century at the orders of then King, Wodeyar. Ever since then, Dussehra has been celebrated with grandeur across the country. Today, in Mysore, the Jambu Savari or the Elephant procession is one of the most prominent events of this festival. Goddess Chamundeshwari is worshipped on this day, and a grand procession of her idol is taken out across the city.
7. The First Celebration
Dussehra also marks the homecoming of Pandavas from their exile of 13 years. When the Pandavas had lost their kingdom, they were in exile for 12 years. It was said that if they were discovered in the 13th year, they would have to start their exile all over again. So, on the commencement of the final year, they hid all their weapons inside the hole of a Shami Tree. After the end of the 13th year on the sacred day of Vijay Dashmi, they retrieved their weapons to worship them along with the tree. Thus, the Shami Tree is considered to be a symbol of goodwill.
There are many such rituals associated with Dussehra, followed in various parts of the country. One such practice followed in Maharashtra is the gifting of “gold” during Dussehra. If you know anything about celebrating the festival, you may be familiar with the ritual and know it doesn’t have anything to do with the precious metal. The leaves of the Apta tree, whose scientific name is Bauhinia racemosa , also known as the Bidi leaf tree, play a significant part during Dussehra celebrations. It’s a custom to exchange Apta leaves, calling it ‘sona’ or gold, during the festival.
9. The Gift Of Gold
The burning effigies signify the killing of all evils of the soul, which are represented by the ten heads of Ravana. Each of his head stands for an evil: 1. Kama stands for lust 2. Krodha for anger 3. Moha for attachment 4. Lobh for greed 5. Mada for pride 6. Swarth for selfishness 7. Matsara for jealousy 8. Ahankara for ego 9. Amanavta for lack of humanity 10. Anyaya for injustice
10. Eradication Of Vices
The Channel 46